Miketz – Genesis 41:1-44:17

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  1. S A Mueller says

    This is a study I did on the term “Cohen”. In our small study group 2 Sam. and David’s sons acting as priests came up.


    Questions arise concerning 2 Samuel 8:15-18. David is of the tribe of Judah, how could his sons act as Cohenim (priests)?

    2 Sam 8:15-18
    15 So David reigned over all Israel; and David administered judgment and justice to all his people.
    16 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
    17 Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; Seraiah was the scribe;
    18 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were priests (cohenim)

    The companion passage in Chronicles is written almost exactly the same, except for the description of David’s sons positions.

    1 Chr 18:14-17
    14 So David reigned over all Israel, and administered judgment and justice to all his people.
    15 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
    16 Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; Shavsha was the scribe;
    17 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief ministers at the king’s side. ( 7223 rishon)

    Strong’s gives a brief definition of the word “cohen”.

    3548 kohen (ko-hane’); active participle of 3547; literally, one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman):
    KJV– chief ruler, X own, priest, prince, principal officer.

    In 2 Samuel the word “cohen” is usually translated priest, however in 1 Chronicles the problem of David’s sons functioning as priests before Elohim as the Levitical priesthood ministered is clarified. Both references are listing the governmental leaders of David’s reign.

    This leads to other Scripture uses of the word “cohen” that may be troubling. Why was Joseph married to the daughter of a pagan priest? And why also did Moses marry the daughter of a pagan priest? A word study revealed that the word “cohen” does not always indicate a minister in the religious sense.

    Gen 37:36
    36 Now the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and captain of the guard.

    8269 sar (sar); from 8323; a head person (of any rank or class):
    KJV– captain (that had rule), chief (captain), general, governor, keeper, lord, ([-taskmaster, prince (-ipal), ruler, steward.

    Gen 41:45
    45 And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnath-Paaneah. And he gave him as a wife Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On. So Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.

    204 ‘Own (one); or (shortened); ‘On (one); of Egyptian derivation; On, a city of Egypt:
    Footnote on Josephus, “Antiquities of the Jews” Chapter 6, references are made that Potipher and Poti-Pherah are one and the same person. Many times names are somewhat changed in the Scriptures.
    With all that in mind, consider Moses father-in-law, Jethro

    Exod 3:1
    1 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian. And he led the flock to the back of the desert, and came to Horeb, the mountain of Elohim.

    Exod 18:12-27
    12 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took a burnt offering and other sacrifices to offer to Elohim. And Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses’ father-in-law before Elohim.
    13 And so it was, on the next day, that Moses sat to judge the people; and the people stood before Moses from morning until evening.
    14 So when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he did for the people, he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit, and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?”
    15 And Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me to inquire of Elohim.
    16 “When they have a difficulty, they come to me, and I judge between one and another; and I make known the statutes of Elohim and His laws.”
    17 So Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing that you do is not good.
    18 “Both you and these people who are with you will surely wear yourselves out. For this thing is too much for you; you are not able to perform it by yourself.
    19 “Listen now to my voice; I will give you counsel, and Elohim will be with you: Stand before Elohim for the people, so that you may bring the difficulties to Elohim.
    20 “And you shall teach them the statutes and the laws, and show them the way in which they must walk and the work they must do.
    21 “Moreover you shall select from all the people able men, such as fear Elohim, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
    22 “And let them judge the people at all times. Then it will be that every great matter they shall bring to you, but every small matter they themselves shall judge. So it will be easier for you, for they will bear the burden with you.
    23 “If you do this thing, and Elohim so commands you, then you will be able to endure, and all this people will also go to their place in peace.”
    24 So Moses heeded the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.
    25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people: rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
    26 So they judged the people at all times; the hard cases they brought to Moses, but they judged every small case themselves.
    27 Then Moses let his father-in-law depart, and he went his way to his own land.

    Jethro: !Art.yI (yitrôn) advantage, excellency.
    Jethro (perhaps this is his title, Hobab is his name) is giving advise to Moses relating to governance of the people, providing for a judicial system. The type of knowledge a ruler or governmental official would

    Gen. 25 Avraham is the father of Midyan by Keturah
    That Moses took this advice and The Father apparently approves, Moses is not reprimanded. This was the beginnings of the Beit Din (House of Judgement) and Sanhedrin.

    Thanks for your time. SAM

  2. S A Mueller says

    I always wondered why Shimon was chosen by Joseph to stay as a prisoner. Yesterday while reading the Torah portion I may have seen something.

    Genesis 42:21-24 Verse 21 The brothers acknowledge their ‘sin has found them out’ . and this distress is because of their treatment of Joseph. Verse 22 Joseph learns that Reuben had intended to save him. Therefore, Joseph did not hold him as the prisoner. Verse 23 “They did not know, however, that Joseph understood (shama in Hebrew meaning ‘heard’), for there was an interpreter between them. Verse 24 … he took Simeon (whose name means ‘heard’) from them and bound him before their eyes.
    Is this perhaps a Torah Pearl? Joseph understood (hear, Sheen Mem Ayin) and Simeon’s name is from the same root (Sheen Mem Ayin). Is this Joseph communicating something to his brothers that they might understand later?

    Thanks again for all you do

  3. Linda Merchant says

    I noticed when Pharaoh was relaying his dream to Joseph he left part of it out. Do you think that was to test Joseph or simply mistranslation?

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